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God instructed Joshua on his new assignment, which was leading the Israelites across River Jordan to take possession of the land. The city of Jericho was their target. The city of Jericho had been shut up from within because of the people of Israel. God gave Joshua a plan for the capture of Jericho which was strictly adhered to by him. The assault started with a procession led by armed men of war, followed by seven priests with seven trumpets, while another group of priest formed the gear the rear guard bearing the ark of the Lord and simultaneously the trumpets blew continually as the procession marched around the city of Jericho once a day for six days.

(i) Disobedience on the part of followers to carry out instructions given by leaders. (ii)Disunity among the congregation can drag the ministry backwards.
(iii) Lack of the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.


Eli’s sons were wicked men; they had no regard for the LORD. Now it was the practice of the priests with the people that whenever anyone offered a sacrifice and while the meat was being boiled, the servant of the priest would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand. He would plunge it into the pan or kettle or pot, and the priest would take for himself whatever the fork brought up. This is how they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh. But even before the fat was burned, the servant of the priest would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, “Give the priest some meat to roast; he won’t accept boiled meat from you, but only raw.” If the man said to him, “Let the fat be burned up first, and then take whatever you want,” the servant would then answer, “No, hand it over now; if you don’t, I’ll take it by force.” This sin of the young men was very great in the LORD’s sight, for they were treating the LORD’s offering with contempt.
Eli, who was very old, he heard about everything his sons were doing to all Israel and how they slept with the women who served at the entrance to the Tent of meeting, but he did nothing. When it was called to his attention, he gave a verbal rebuke. But he should have done more than verbal rebuke. They have acted so scandalously that they must be removed. 
However, they did not listen to their father’s rebuke, for it was the LORD’s will to put them to death. Now a man of God came to Eli and said to him, “This is what the LORD says: Why do you scorn my sacrifice and offering that I prescribed for my dwelling? Why do you honor your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choice parts of every offering made by my people Israel?’ “Therefore the LORD, the God of Israel, declares: …those who despise me will be disdained. The time is coming when I will cut short your strength and the strength of your father’s house, so that there will not be an old man in your family line. He went on to give him the messages which came from God; that what happens to his two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, will be a sign to him. That they will both die on the same day. He also told him that God will raise up for Himself, a faithful priest, who will do according to what is in His heart and mind. That He will firmly establish his house, and he will minister before His anointed one always.

God sent the Philistines to fight Israel and Israel was defeated by Philistia 
(ii) About three thousand Israelites died in the war
(iii) The Ark of covenant was also captured by the Philistines.
(iv) The two sons of Eli were also killed 
(v) Eli died when he heard that his two sons were dead and the Ark was also captured 
(vi) When Phinehas’ wife who was pregnant heard of the death of her husband and the father-in-law, she gave birth prematurely and later died 
(vii) The child was called “Ichabod” meaning the glory has departed from Israel 
(viii) The priestly position of Eli’s family was taken away, and given to Samuel.

(i) Parents should inculcate into their children the fear of God. E.g. Bible studies etc.
(ii) Parents should train children to acquire good moral values/ they should be role models.
(iii) Disobedience to the Lord’s commandments leads to severe punishment.


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According to Mattew 28:1-8) Resurrection means coming back to life after death.The resurrection of Jesus christ from the dead was to show his victory over death.The account of the resurrection appears in all three synoptic gospel. They all stated that when the women disciples Mary Magdalene, Mary, mother of james and Salome went to the tomb to embalm the body of Jesus, they discovered that he had resurrected

Mattew reported thay there was a great earthquake;angel of the lord descended from heaven and rolled back the stone and sat upon it. It was this angel that informed the woman that Jesus had risen from the dead

(i) The resurrection of Jesus christ is the basis of christian faith.without his resurrection, there would be no Christian faith

(ii) It is an assurance that as God raised Jesus from the dead, so will God raise every Christian that die in the lord on the day of resurrection

(iii) It was the resurrection of jesus christ from the grave that helped to encourage the early apostles to preach the gospel with boldness.The fulfillment of all that jesus had promised gave the disciples and early apostles much confidence and trust in him


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Their fellowship included the breaking of bread and communion in prayer. The early disciples sold their possessions and turned all the receipts into a common treasury, and from this treasury the needs of all were supplied. Naturally, however, they did not all live in the same house, they visited one another and frequently ate at one another’s homes. Under the circumstances they would feel free to do this, inasmuch as in every case the food was provided out of the common treasury. Thus as they ate together, from house to house, they became the more closely knit together in the bonds of Christian love. So it was that the breaking of bread became a symbol of their fellowship in the doctrines of the apostles.
Brethren in the Early Church did more than fellowship and pray, important as are these privileges of the Christian. They were also faithful in bearing witness to the truth, using every opportunity of this nature that presented itself. Of necessity this brought persecution upon them, but they did not refrain from preaching the Gospel on this account. Those early believers were not discouraged even amidst all persecution. They were, in fact, more determined than ever to show forth the praises of their God.

(i) In the modern church, there is always struggle for leadership in most of the churches. This coupled with ethnic problem, have led to splitting of churches
(ii) The early Church was a church of people who shared their excess with those who had less but it’s not same in today’s church

(i) Peter advice the Christians they should accept the authority of civil ruler either as Presidents or Governors.
(ii) Peter advice the Christians they should live as free people without using their freedom as a guide to commit sin or do evil.
(iii) Peter advice the Christians they should honour everyone around them and should be encouraged to bear whatever maltreatment, because Christ has also suffered for them.
(iv) Peter advice the Christians they should follow the example of Christ who did not sin, yet he was insulted and help one another.
(v) Peter advice the Christians they should not retaliate for any wrong done to him by anybody but entrusted Himself totally to God in His suffering.

(i) Keeping God’s commandment
(ii) Praying without ceasing
(iii) By helping people in need

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