Waec Computer Studies Syllabus/Questions 2019/2020

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Waec Computer Studies Syllabus/Questions 2019/2020

This is the official 2019 Waec Computer Studies syllabus. Are you using a phone for this? You are advised to rotate the screen of your phone to view the table better. 

This examination syllabus is developed from the National Curriculum for Senior Secondary School Computer Studies. It highlights the scope of the course for Computer Studies examinations at this level. Its structuring revolves around conceptual approach. The major thematic areas considered in the entire syllabus include:

Waec Computer Studies Syllabus

Waec Computer Studies Syllabus

See 2019 WAEC SPECIMEN/PRACTICALS

  1. Computer fundamentals and evolution
  2. Computer hardware
  3. Computer Software
  4. Basic Computer Operations
  5. Computer Applications
  6. Managing Computer files
  7. Developing Problem-solving skills
  8. Information and Communication Technology
  9. Computer ethics and human issues

 

Each thematic area forms a concept which is further divided into sub-concepts. This examination syllabus is not a substitute for the teaching syllabus. Therefore, it does not replace the curriculum.

WAEC COMPUTER STUDIES SYLLABUS OBJECTIVES

The objectives of the syllabus are to test candidates’ understanding, knowledge and acquisition of

 

 

 

  1. basic concepts of computer and its operations;
  2. manipulative, computational and problem-solving skills;
  3. application of software packages;
  4. operation of computer – related simple devices;
  5. on-line skills and their applications;
  6. safe attitudes and good practices on effective use of computer;
  7. potential for higher studies in Computer related areas.

 

WAEC COMPUTER SYLLABUS EXAMINATION SCHEME

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3, all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

 

Paper 1: will consist of 50 multiple-choice objective questions all which are to be answered in 1 hour for 25 marks.

Paper 2: will consist of five essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer any three in 1 hour for 30 marks.

Paper 3: will test actual practical skills of school candidates and knowledge of practical work for private candidates. It will consist of three questions to be answered in 2 hours for 45 marks.

DETAILED SYLLABUS

TOPIC CONTENT NOTE
COMPUTER EVOLUTION(a)  Computing Devices I (Pre-computing age- 19thcentury) (i)  Features , components and uses of early computing devices:–       Abacus;–       Slide Rule ;

–       Napier’s bone;

–       Pascal’s calculator;

–       Leibnitz multiplier;

–       Jacquad loom;

–       Charles Babbage’s analytical engine;

–       Hollerith Census Machine;

–       Burrough’s Machine.

(ii)   Contribution of each of the founder of these devices to modern computers.

 

Trend of development in computing devices from one to the other.
(b)  Computing Devices II (20th century to date) Features, components and uses of:-ENIAC-EDVAC

-UNIVAC 1

-Desktop Personal

Computers

-Laptop and Notebook computers

-Palmtop.

Sizes and basic components should be considered in a comparative form.
FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTING(a)  Overview of Computing System – Definition of a Computer;– Two main constituentsof a Computer

–       Computer hardware;

–       Computer software

–     Classification and

examples of

hardware and

software.

–     Functional parts of a

computer

 

Characteristics of Computers

–     Electronic in nature;

–     Accuracy;

–     Speed;

–     Interactive etc.

 

Differences between hardware and software should be treated.
(b)  Data and Information –     Definition andexamples of data andinformation;

–       Differences between data and information.

COMPUTER ETHICS AND HUMAN ISSUESSecurity and Ethics  

1.     Sources of security breaches:

–       Virus, worms and Trojan horses;

–       Poor implementation of network;

–       Poor implementation or lack of ICT policies;

–       Carelessness- giving out personal and vital information on the net without careful screening.

–       Hackers, spammers etc.

 

Definition and effects of viruses and worms should be treated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Definition of hackers and spammers should be treated

2.     Preventive measures–       Use of antivirus software e.g. Norton, McAfee, Avast, etc–       Use of firewall;

–       Exercising care in giving out vital and personal information

–       Encryption

–       Proper Network Implementation and Polies

–       Using sites with web certificates

–       Exercising care in opening e-mail attachments

 

3.      Legal Issues

-Copyright (software copyright)

-ownership right to

-text;

-images;

-audio;

-video

-Privacy of audio and video software

-Cyber crimes

-identify theft;

-internet fraud

-Hacking

 

 

Explanation of firewall is required

 

 

Definition of encryption should be treated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COMPUTER HARDWARE(a)  Input devices Definition and examples of input devicesThe use of keyboard, mouse, scanner, joystick, light pen, etc

Classification of keys on the keyboard into Function, Numeric, Alphabetic

-Cursor keys

-Features, function and operation of the mouse

-Differences in keyboard, mouse, light pen and scanner

Output Devices -Definition and examples-Output devices: monitor, printer, speaker, plotter – Type, features and uses.-Differences between input and output devices

-Similarities and differences in inkjet, laser and line printer

 

 

Examples and types of printers and monitors should be treated.

Central Processing Unit Components of C.P.U.: Arithmetic and logic unit, control unitFunction of ALU and Control Unit Combination of the CPU and Memory Unit as system unit should be mentioned.
Memory Unit Types of Memory Unit: Primaryand Secondary memory-Components of Primary memory unit: ROM and RAMDifferences and uses of ROM and RAM

Examples of Seconadry memory devices: floppy disk, hard disk, compact disk(CD), flash disk, digital-video-disk(DVD)

Unit of storage in memory devices: bits, nibble, bytes, kilobytes, megabytes, gigabytes, terabytes

Interconversion of unit of storage.

-Comparative study of auxiliary storage devices in respect of their size, speed and technology

Physical identification of RAM and ROM devices required.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Simple calculation involving the conversion from a unit to another

Size and shape variation of floppy,

flask/USB and compact disks should be noted

Logic Circuits -Definition, types and uses of standard logic gate: AND, NOT, ORSymbols of AND, NOT, OR gates-Construction of truth table for standard logic gates

-Differences between AND, NOT, OR gates

-NAND and NOR as alternative logic gates should be treated

Construction of Truth Table for NAND and NOR

Construction of a simple comparator with -XOR( Exclusive OR)

-NOR gate

Logic equation for AND, NOT, OR gate should be treated.Uses of logic gates are required.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Simple definition of a comparator is required.

COMPUTER SOFTWARE(a)       System Software

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)          Operating System

(i)     Definition and types of software–       System software

–       Application software

(ii)   System software and their examples

–       Operating System e.g. MS Windows

–       Translator e.g. Compiler

–       Tools/ Utility e.g. Anti-virus

 

(iii)    Examples of Operating System

–       MS Windows

–       Linux

–       UNIX

–       MS-DOS etc

 

(iv)      Examples of Translators

–       Assemblers

–       Compilers

–       Interpreters

(v)            (v)       Examples of Utility

(vi)                     Programs

–       Editor

–       Anti-virus etc

 

(i)            Definition, types, examples and function of Operating System

–       Graphic User Interface(GUI)

–       GUI (MS Windows, Linux, etc)

–       Command line (MS DOS, UNIX, etc)

Differences between system and application software is required

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operating systems of phones, ipad and other computerized devices should be treated. E.g. Android, Blackberry, etc.

 

Differences among the translators should be noted

 

 

 

 

Differences between GUI and Command line Operating Systems are required.

(c)        Application Software (i)            Definition and types of application software(ii)         Common ApplicationPackages and their

examples

–       Word processing(MS Windows)

–       Spreadsheet(MS Excel)

–       Database(MS Access)

–       Graphics

(iii)        Packages for spreadsheet purpose

–       Accounting software

–       Payroll program

–       Banking software

–       Education management software

–       Statistical packages

–       Hospital management software

Differences between user application program and application packages are required
COMPUTER APPLICATION(a)  Word Processing (i)            Definition and examples of word processing and word processor-MS Word

-Wordstar

-WordPerfect

(ii)          Features of Word Processing programs in general.

(iii)        Application areas of Word Processing programs

-Office

-Publishing

-Journalism

-Education, etc.

(iv)       Features of MS

Word

(v)            Steps in activating and exiting MS Word

(vi)          Basic operations in MS Word

-Create

– Edit

– Save

-Retrieve

-Print

– Close

(vii)       Further operations

in MS Word

-move

-copy

-cut

-use of different

Types

and sizes of fonts

-formatting

-justifying

-search/explore

-spell checking

-file merging, etc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Definition of each operational term is required.

(b)  Spreadsheet (i) Definition and examples of spreadsheet program-VisiCALC-MS Excel

-SuperCALC

-Autocad, etc

(ii) Feature of

spreadsheet program

(iii)Application areas of

Spreadsheet

programs:

-Accounting

-Statistical

calculation

-Student result, etc

(iv)Features of MS Excel

Environment

-status bar

-menu bar

-formula bar, etc

(v)Definition of basic

terms in MS

Excel

-worksheet

-workbook

-cells

-cell ranges

(vi)Data types in Excel

-Number

-Labels

-Formula

(vii)Basic operation in

Excel

-Data Entry

-Saving

-Retrieve

Copy

-Move

(viii)Arithmetic

calculations using

formula and built-in

function

(ix)Additional operation

in Excel

-Editing

-Formatting

-Printing

-Drawing charts, etc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Simple calculations with and without built-in function e.g. sum, average, etc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pie chart, histogram, bar chart, etc

(c)   Database (i)Definition of databaseand database packages(ii)Examples of database

packages

-Dbase IV,

-Foxbase

-MS Access

-Oracle, etc

(iii)Basic terms in

Database

-File

-Record

-Field

-Key

(iv)Types of database

organization

methods and their

features

-Hierarchical

-Network

-Relational

(v)Features of database

format

-Files designed as

tables

-Tables comprise

row and

columns

-Row containing

related

information

about a record.

-Column

containing

specific type of

information

about a field.

(vi)Steps in creating

database

-define the structure

-indicate field

type(numeric,

character, data,

text, etc)

-enter data

-save data

(vii)Basic operations on

already

created database.

Database

-searching

-modifying

-sorting

-reporting

-selecting

-inserting, etc

 

(d)  Graphics (i)Definition of Graphics(ii)Examples of Graphicspackages

-Paint

-Harvard graphics

-Photoshop

-Coreldraw, etc

(iii)Features in activating

and existing

Coreldraw

(iv)Simple design using

Coreldraw

-Business card

-School logo

-National flag

-Invitation card

-Certification, etc

(e)  Presentation package (i)Definition of presentationpackage(ii)Examples of presentation package

-MS PowerPoint, etc

(iii)Features of

PowerPoint

environment

(iv)Steps in activating

and exiting

PowerPoint

(v)PowerPoint operation

-create new

presentation

-insert pictures, text,

graphs

-animated contents

-add new slide

-save presentation

-run slide show

-print presentation

-close presentation

MANAGING COMPUTER FILES(a)  Concept of Computer Files

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)  Handling Computer Files

(i)Definition of someterms

-computer file

-record

-field

-data item

(ii)Types of data item

-numeric

-alphabetic

-alphanumeric

(iii)File structure

organisation

(Data item—record—

file—database)

(iv)Types of file

organization

-serial

-sequential

-index

-random

(v) Methods of accessing

files

-serial

-sequential

-random

(vi) File classification

-master file

-transaction file

-reference file

(vii)Criteria for

classifying files:

-nature of

content(program

and data)

-organisation

method

-storage medium

 

(i)Basic operation on

computer files

-file

-delete

-retrieve

-insert

-copy

-view

-update

-open

-close

(ii) Effect of file

insecurity

-data loss

-data corruption

-data becomes

unreliable

(iii)Causes of data loss

-over-writing

-inadvertent

deletion

(iv)Methods of file

security

-use of backup

-use of antivirus

-password

-proper labelling

of storage

devices, etc

(v)Differences between

computer files and

manual files

(vi)Advantages of

computer files

-more secure

-fast to

access,etc

(vii)Disadvantages of

computer files

-expensive to set up

 

-irregular supply

of electricity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Differences among the organization methods are required

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

File processing using BASIC programming is required.

BASIC COMPUTER OPERATIONS(a)  Booting and shutting down process

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)  Computer Data Conversion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(i) Description and typesof booting process

(ii)Types of booting

process

-cold booting

-warm booting

(iii)Steps involved in :

-booting a

computer;

-shutting down a

computer

(iv)Identification of

features on a desktop

 

 

 

 

(i)Definition of registers,

address, bus

(ii)Types and functions

of registers: MDR,

CIR, SCR

(iii)Differences between

register and main

memory

(iv)Steps involved in

how a computer

converts data to

required information (Input-Process-Output)

(v)Factors affecting

speed of data transfer:

-bus speed;

-bus width.

Difference between cold and warm booting should   be treated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fetch-execute cycle is not required

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY(ICT)(a)  Communication Systems  

 

(i)What‘ICT’ acronym

stands for.

(ii) Types of ICT

-Broadcasting

-Telecommunication

-Data Network

-Information

Systems

-Satellite

Communications

-Examples of

Broadcasting

-Radio

broadcasting

-Television

broadcasting

-Satellite system

-Examples of

Telecommunication

-Public Switched Telephone Network(PSTN)-Landline

-Mobile phone

systems

-Circuit Switched

Packet

Telephone

System(CSPT)

-Satellite telephone

system

-Fixed wireless

telephone

system

-Examples of data

networks

-Personal Area

Network(PAN)

-Local Area

 

Network(LAN)

-Metropolitan Area

Network(MAN)

-Wide Area

Network(WAN)

-Internet

-Examples of

Information Systems

-Data Processing

System

-Global Positioning

System(GPS)

(b)  Application areas of ICT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c)Internet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(d) Electronic Mail(e-

mail)Services

(i)Application Areas of ICT includethe following:-Teleconferencing

-Video conferencing

-Telecommuting

-Telecomputing

-Messaging

-Information search, retrieval

and archival.

(ii)ICT based gadgets

and their

operations

-Mobile phones

-Computers

-Fax machines

-Automated Teller

Machines(ATM)

-Dispensing

machines

-Point of Sale

Machines

–   Automated Cash

Register(ACR)

-Radio sets

-Television sets, etc

(i)Definition of Internet

and some

Internet terms:

-Homepage

-Browse

-Browser

-Chatroom

-Cybercafe

-HTTP

-HTML

-ISP

-Webpage

-Website,etc

 

(ii)Types of internet

browsers

-Internet explorer

-Netscape navigator

-Opera

-Firefox

-Cometbird ,etc

(iii)Features of Internet

browsers:

-Title bar

-Menu bar

-Tool bar

-Address bar,etc

(iv)Types of Internet

services

-Electronic mail (e-

mail)

-e-mail discussion

group

-Instant messaging

-Telnet

-Usenet

-File Transfer

Protocol(FTP)

-Worldwide

web(www)

-Chatting, etc

(i)Definition of electronic

mail

(ii)E-mail Services:

-sending/receiving e-

mail

-chatting, etc

(iii)Steps involved in

creating e-mail

account

(iv)Steps involved in

opening mail box

(v)Features in an e-mail

address e.g. fmemail@fmegovng.org

(vi)Definition and steps

involved in chatting

 

 

 

 

Definition and description of these terms are required

 

 

 

 

 

 

Knowledge on the operations on these ICT-based   gadgets is required.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Demonstration of these terms through Internet access is required

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Access Internet through these browsers.

 

 

 

 

Application of the features of Internet browser window is required

 

 

Benefits of Internet to our society should be stressed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Procedure for sending and receiving e-mail is required

 

 

 

 

 

(e)Networking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(f) Introduction to Worldwide web (W.W.W.)

(i)Definition of aComputer Network(ii)Types of Network

-PAN

-LAN

-WAN

-MAN

-Internet

(iii) Network topology

-Star

-Bus

-Ring

(iv)Network devices

-Hub

-Modems

-Switches

-Routers

-Network Interface

Card(NIC)

(v)Advantages of

Networking

(i)What is the ‘W.W.W.’

acronym stands for

(ii)Brief history of W.W.W.

(iii)Basic terminologies:

-W.W.W.

-website

-webpage

-homepage

-protocol, etc

(iv)Protocol

-HTTP

-HTML

(v)Uses/benefits of www

(vi)Navigating through

websites     www.waeconline.org

-www.itbeginswithu.org

-www.servenigeria.com

-www.phillipemeagwali.com

-www.jambonline.org

(vii)Difference between

e-mail and website

address features:

e.g.www.waeconline.org and waec@yahoo.com

(viii)Software for web

development

-Frontpage

– etc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Differences in the various topologies should be treated

 

 

Knowledge of “Bridge” as a networking device is required.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nigeria’s contribution to www should be mentioned

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use of HTTP and HTML should be mentioned

 

 

 

Visits to these websites are essential

     (g)   Cables and Corel draw
READ MORE :   WAEC 2019/2020 GOVERNMENT QUESTION AND ANSWERS EXPO FOR FREE

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